The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Basic Concepts

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe – Full Chapter-Basic Concepts- Flow Chart-Notes-important for exam-Brief notes… Welcome to the new ...


The Rise of Nationalism in Europe – Full Chapter-Basic Concepts- Flow Chart-Notes-important for exam-Brief notes…

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Which Points you have to study for?
  • The French revolution and the Idea of the Nation
  • The Making of Nationalism in Europe
  • The Age of Revolutions: 1830-1848
  • The Making of Germany and Italy
  • Visualizing the Nation
  • Nationalism and Imperialism



The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Basic Concepts



Changes during the 1789 FRENCH REVOLUTION

  1. France was under Monarchy. (The Rise of Nationalism in Europe)
  2. The revolution transferred the governmental power from monarchy to their citizen that is Monarchy system was removed.
  3. The Ideas like ‘La Patrie’(The Father land) and ‘Le Citoyen’ (The Citizens) were adopted.
  4. French was Made official language.
  5. The Royal monarchy flag was replaced by new French flag.
  6. Uniform weights and measures were adopted by the people of France.
  7. A centralized administration system was adopted.
  8. National assembly or later State General was elected by the citizens.


Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.

ENTRY OF NAPOLION IN FRANCE (1789 – 1821)


  1. Napoleon was ruler of France from the year 1799 to 1815
  2. He was in ruling power in France for about 16 years.
  3. He established a code known as Napoleonic Code.

Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.

Napoleonic Code or Civil Code (1804) or the Rise of Nationalism in Europe


  1. Equality before law
  2. Simplification in Administrative system
  3. Right to property for French people.
  4. No discrimination on the basis of birth.
  5. Removed trade guilds.
  6. Abolished feudal system.
  7. Improvement was seen in transport and communication system.


Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.


GREEK REVOLUTION (1830)

  1. Greek war for Independence
  2. Greek was part of Ottoman Empire (Muslim Empire) since 15THcentury.
  3. Struggle for Independence of Greek started with growth of nationalism in Europe.
  4. Support from the western European countries.
  5. Revolution was also supported by poets and artists.

Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.


GERMANY REVOLUTION OF LIBERALS (1848)

  1. In Frankfurt parliament 831 representatives marched to take their places.
  2. They drafted a constitution for a German nation based on constitutional monarchy.
  3. Friedrich Wilhelm IV(Prussian King) rejected their demand.
  4. The parliament was largely dominated by Middle Class members.
  5. Troops forcibly disbanded assembly.


Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.


UNIFICATION OF GERMANY (1866 - 71)

  1. The middle class Germans united in 1848, to create a nation state out of the numerous German states.
  2. This was carried out by the Chief Minister of Prussia, Otto Von Bismarck, and Prussian Army and bureaucracy.
  3. Their main objective was to unify Germany and this was done in 7 years in which they fought 3 wars with Austria, Denmark and France.
  4. All the wars were won by Germany.
  5. The win led to Bismarck as the Chancellor of North confederation in the year 1867.
  6. The King of Prussia was crowned as the German Emperor.

Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.


UNIFICATION OF ITALY

  1. Political Fragmentation: Like Germany, Italy was also politically fragmented into many sub parts. During the mid 19th Century, Italy was divided into 7 states.
  2. Only Sardinia Piedmont was ruled by an Italian Prince.
  3. Role of Giuseppe Mazzini: Giuseppe Mazzini made efforts to unite Italian Republic. He had formed a secret society called “Young Italy” for achieving his goal to unite Italian Republic.
  4. Role of Count Cavour: He was a chief minister. He also led the movement to Unify Italy.
  5. Role of Giuseppe Garibaldi: Garibaldi also formed armed volunteers. In 1860s, they marched movement into South Italy and Succeeded in throwing out Spanish Rulers.
  6. In 1861 Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed king of united Italy.Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.



VISUALISING THE NATION

  1.  Nation was personified in 18th and 19th century.
  2. Country was represented as a nation which was called ‘Allegory’.
  3. Figure of female became allegory of nation.
  4. Female allegory was used for the ideas like justice, liberty, and republic.
  5. Germania became the Allegory of Germany.

Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.


BRITAIN


Britain was not a nation state before 18thcentury.
Constant growth helped the English nation to extend their control over nations.
By the UK of Great Britain, an act of union was formed between English and Scotland.
England dominated Scot and Ireland.
British Nation was formed which included many symbols- flag, national Anthem, and the language English.
Thus the Rise of Nationalism in Europe is seen in Europe.




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